Background: Malathion is one of organophosphate pesticides that is extensively used in farming and crops to control pests. Malathion induces oxidative stress in the various tissues such as the reproductive system. 
Objective: To determine the effects of malathion on malondialdehyde (MDA) level and glutathione (GSH) content in female rat ovary tissue as well as to assess the protective role of Ascorbic Acid.
Methods: This study was carried out at the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology (School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran) in 2015. In this experimental study, 30 adult, female, Wistar rats (weight range: 200-250 g) were divided into five groups, each group consisting of six rats: control group (no interventions), sham group (normal saline 0.9% 50 mg/kg), experimental group 1 (Ascorbic Acid 200 mg/kg), experimental group 2 (malathion 50 mg/kg), and experimental group 3 (malathion 50 mg/kg + Ascorbic Acid 200 mg/kg). Malathion, solvents and Ascorbic Acid were injected intraperitoneally. After two weeks, the animals were anaesthetized with intraperitoneal ketamine/xylazine (60 and 6 mg/kg, respectively) and then scarified, and the right ovarian was used to measure levels of MDA, a marker of lipid peroxidation, and GSH content. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16, using descriptive statistics, One Way ANOVA, and Tukey-Kramer test. A p-value <0.05 was set as significance level.
Results: This study has shown that malathion increased MDA level and reduced GSH content compared with the control group (p<0.001). Also, administration of malathion in combination with Ascorbic Acid, reduced MDA level and increased the GSH content in rat ovarian tissue.
Conclusion: Malathion induced lipid peroxidation and Oxidative stress in the ovarian of Rats. In addition, it appears that Ascorbic Acid, due to its antioxidant, can recover malathion-induced poisonous changes.


Keywords: Malathion, Malondialdehyde, Ascorbic Acid, Ovary, Rats
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