Background: The relationship between resilience, one of the important issues in mental health, and therapeutic regimen compliance, the key in the successful management of chronic disease such as chronic kidney disease, is unclear. 
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between resilience and therapeutic regimen compliance in ESRD patients, undergoing hemodialysis.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 107 hemodialysis patients referred to Besat and Shahid Beheshti Hospitals of Hamedan, Iran were selected through systematic sampling method from January to April 2013. The tool was Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). The criteria for compliance were: mean of interdialytic weight gain less than 5.7% to the dry weight, serum potassium 5.5 mEq/L or less, serum phosphorus of 6 mg/dL or less and no more than 3 absences in dialysis sessions. For data analysis, statistical tests such as independent t-test and Logistic regression were performed.
Results: Fifty-seven (53.3%) patients were males and the mean age of subjects was 49.96±17.39 years. The difference in the mean scores of resilience between compliance or non-compliance patients was statistically significant (p=0.032). Only resilience and age were significant factors related to regimen compliance. In those subjects with greater resilience for 1 score, the chance of compliance with the therapeutic regimen would be 5.4% higher (OR=1.054, CI 95%: 1.01-1.103). In addition, the elderly patients were more likely to comply with the regimen (OR=1.072, CI 95 %: 1.033, 1.113).
Conclusion: According to the results, the patients with greater scores of resilience were more likely to comply with the therapeutic regimen.


Keywords: Hemodialysis, Resilience, Patient compliance


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