Background: Asthma is a common chronic disease in adolescents, and has led to a significant morbidity and disability. Few studies have estimated the prevalence of asthma in the Northern Borders Region of Saudi Arabia. Only limited data has been available about prevalence of asthma in adolescents’ age. 
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of asthma and associated symptoms in 16 to 18-year-old adolescents, and to assess the level of asthma control among students with physician-diagnosed asthma, in the Northern Borders Region of Saudi Arabia.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 511 male 16 to 18-year-old students in the Northern Borders Region of Saudi Arabia during the academic year 2017-2018. An International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Children (ISAAC) questionnaire and Asthma Control Test (ACT) were used as the measurement tool. The data were analyzed by SPSS version 20, using descriptive statistics and Chi-square test. A p-value of 0.05 or less was considered, statistically significant.
Results: Among the 511 students, the prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma was 11.4%. The prevalence of lifetime wheeze, and exercise-induced wheeze were 30.3% and 19% respectively. The prevalence of night cough and wheezing attack in the past 12 months were 17% and 16.8% respectively. A total of 51.8% of asthmatic students have poor asthma control.
Conclusions: The prevalence of asthma and associated symptoms in 16 to18-year-old students is high in the Northern Borders Region. Uncontrolled asthma was observed in half of asthmatic students.


Keywords: Asthma, Prevalence, Saudi Arabia, Control


» HTML Fulltext    » PDF Fulltext    » doi: 10.19082/6920

Latest Issue:

In October-December 2018, the journal publishes several original research, including an outstanding Prospective Cohort Study, some experimental studies, and an editorial on a topic of current interest in today’s medical research. Read more:


The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships

Call for applications

Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:

Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

About the Instructor

Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: