Abstract
Background: The use of short message service (SMS) is very popular among youths. Recent research has shown that it has some adverse consequences such as dependency. 
Objective: The present research aimed to determine the frequency of SMS dependency and its association with the temperament and character of medical students.
Methods: A total of 293 medical students participated in this cross-sectional study in 2015 in Mashhad, Iran. The study group was divided into four groups according to their grade (using stratified sampling). Temperament and character inventory (TCI) and an SMS addiction test (SAT) were distributed between participants. SPSS software (version 11.5) was used for data analysis. Linear regression, Spearman's Rank-Order Correlation, Independent-samples t-test, ANOVA, Mann–Whitney U, and Kruskal Wallis were used for data analysis. P-value less than 0.05 was considered significant.
Result: The mean age of participants was 24.44±4.63. Novelty seeking (p=0.003), cooperativeness (p<0.001), self-directedness (p<0.001) and self-transcendence (p=0.003) showed significant inverse correlation with total SAT score. There was significant difference between the mean of the total SAT in three state variables of novelty seeking (p=0.02), cooperativeness (p<0.001), self-directedness (p<0.001) and self-transcendence (p=0.02). The residents group had the highest mean SAT score. There was a significant difference in the total SAT scores according to the grade of the student (p<0.001). Moreover, we compared the participants’ temperament and character with Iranian normative data (derived from a study conducted in 2005) and found that the mean score in each area differed significantly between the two datasets (p≤0.001).
Conclusion: Use of communication technologies is different according to temperament. Considering the key role of medical students, more attention needs to be paid to cellphone usage in this group.
 
Keywords: Personality assessment, Temperament, Character, Text messaging, Addictive behavior

 

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October-December 2019 (Volume 11, Issue 4)


 

The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


 

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Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

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Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: