Written by Hamed Basir Ghafouri, Morteza Zare, Azam Bazrafshan, Ehsan Modirian, Afkham Mousavi, Niloofar Abazarian
Parent Category: Year 2016, Volume 8
Category: Volume 8, Issue 8, August 2016
Introduction: Serum vitamin D concentration is a major contributing factor for increasing the risk of fall and fall-related injuries in older adults. However, when prescribed and supplemented for these populations, the outcomes are controversial, and in several cases no improvement has been reported in reducing the risk of recurrent falls. This study aimed to examine the association between serum vitamin D concentration and recurrent falls in Iranian older adults.
Methods: This cohort study was conducted in the emergency departments of two university hospitals. A cohort of 82 elderly participants aged over 60 and suffered from an unintentional episode of falling was evaluated six months after their first ED visit. A structured, self-administered checklist was developed to obtain the participants’ demographic and clinical information. Participants also were asked about any recurrent fall experience during follow-up.
Results: The mean (SD) age of the study population was 75 (8). Over half of the participants were male (57.3%). The mean (median) serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 (OH)D) concentration was 38 (34) ng/ml. Mean serum 25(OH)D levels varied slightly between gender groups (p=0.450). An inverse but insignificant association was found between the age of participants and their serum 25(OH)D levels (r=-0.03, p=0.7). A small but insignificant association also was found between the mean serum 25(OH)D level and the number of recurrent falls in elderly patients irrespective of their age, gender, or physical activity groups (OR=1.008, p=0.992).
Conclusion: In contrast to previous studies, no significant association of serum 25(OH)D concentration was found with recurrent falls in Iranian older adults.
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Keywords: 25-hydroxyvitamin D,falls, Vitamin D insufficiency, Iran, Elderly
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Ethics of Publishing Case Reports: Do We Need Ethics Approval and Patient Consent?
An editorial by Dr. Mehrdad Jalalian
The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.
To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here
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The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.
The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:
TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships
Call for applications
Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)
TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:
Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019
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About the Instructor
Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: