Introduction: The national formulary plays an important role in increasing access to medicine and correct drug information based on national considerations. However, this study aimed to provide a model for development of national formulary based on a unified payment system in Iran.

Methods: This study used a combination of descriptive, comparative, and qualitative methods. It was an applied developmental study in 2016. The data were collected using a form based on the World Health Organization’s (WHO) standard model for national formulary. Using census method, all national formulary of countries available on the WHO website (n=14) were selected for study. The similarities and differences of national formulary of these countries and Iran were compared with the WHO’s standard model. Then, Iran’s national formulary content was determined using comparative study results and opinions of an expert panel consisting of 12 faculty members and assistants of the medicine economy.

Results: Results showed that the content of national formulary in studied countries is consistent with the WHO model. They consisted of four parts: introductory information, medicine information and monograph, appendices, and alphabetical index. In the introductory, which was out of elements of the WHO, the drug selection and advice to patients’ criteria in the preliminary information part of used dose and its side effects in drug monograph and information had the highest frequency. The lowest frequency was for medicine pharmacology and pharmacokinetics in the medicine monograph section. The most common data element in the appendix was related to drug interactions, and the lowest frequency was related to hepatic impairment and renal impairment. All data elements were confirmed by an expert panel. They stated that, after the component of common brand name, the drug cost effectiveness and drug code are necessary for each drug in the drug monograph section.

Conclusion: This study provided an updated model and structure for developing national formulary of Iran based on a unified reimbursement system, WHO model, comparative study of national formulary of selected countries, and the opinion of an expert panel in the field of medicine economy. This model may provide reliable information for health employees and managers and improve the effective and safe use of medicines. Also, the creation of drug formulary based on this model and using it may facilitate the selection of standard and high-quality medicines from among different companies and brands, comparing them with each other, prescribing high-quality medicine with lower price, and avoiding the impact from advertisements.


Keywords: Iran, National Formulary, Model, Structure, World Health Organization
» HTML Fulltext    » PDF Fulltext    » doi: 10.19082/3623
Nike Air Max 90 DámskéAir Force 1

The  most recent editorial (June 2021)

Ethics of Publishing Case Reports: Do We Need Ethics Approval and Patient Consent?

An editorial by Dr. Mehrdad Jalalian

Read more.

The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.


To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here


Our previous editorial (June 2020)

Lessons from COVID-19 pandemic and the Morocco’s success story.

An editorial by Dr. Benksim Abdelhafid (Morocco)

Read more.


The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships

Call for applications

Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:

Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

About the Instructor

Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: