Background: Paying attention to patient safety is a basic right and a necessary issue in providing medical care, and failure to observe it leads to irreparable damage.  One of the factors affecting an individuals’ performance in an organization is stress, which also endangers their health. 
Objective: To determine the relationship between patient safety culture and levels of job stress among the nurses working in the hospitals affiliated with Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.
Methods: The present study was carried out using a cross-sectional method in the hospitals affiliated with Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2016. A multistage stratified sampling method using a Morgan Table was employed to select 380 nurses as the study sample from among 3,180 nurses. They were selected by a multistage stratified sampling method. The study instruments were Stinemetz Standard Job Stress Questionnaire and Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC). After the required data were collected, they were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical methods (Pearson correlation, independent-samples t-test, and ANOVA) through SPSS version 23.
Results: The results of the present study showed that 75% of the nurses experienced average and high levels of stress. Among different dimensions of safety culture, organizational learning and handoffs and transitions obtained the highest and the lowest scores, respectively (72.5 and 24.5). The mean score of safety culture dimensions was 51.52. The results of the Pearson correlation test showed that there was a direct significant relationship between different dimensions of safety culture among nurses and the level of stress (p≤0.05).
Conclusion: According to the findings, patient safety should be considered as a strategic priority for the senior managers of the health system. In order to enhance patient safety, managers should pay special attention to evaluating safety culture in organizations that deliver health service, especially hospitals.


Keywords: Job stress, Nurse, Patient safety culture, Governmental hospitals, Iran


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