Introduction: Radiological measures to diagnose breast cancer, including mammographic and ultrasound assessments in young women, are associated with restrictions affecting the use of this tool. No adequate information is available on mammography view in young people with breast cancer and its relationship with pathologic type and epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) as a prognostic marker, especially in the Iranian race. This study was conducted to examine the relationship between mammographic findings of young women with breast cancer with diagnosed histopathologic type and HER2 marker status.

Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out on women with breast cancer referred to Omid Hospital in Mashhad, Iran. Inclusion criteria were age less than 45 years and definitive diagnosis of breast cancer documented in the patient record. Information on mammographic findings such as mass, asymmetry, microcalcification, tissue distortion, nipple retraction, and skin thickening was collected from patient medical records. In addition, the type of pathology diagnosed based on biopsy samples and HER2 examination results were collected. The chi-square test and SPSS software were used to analyze the relationship among qualitative variables.

Results: This study was performed on 153 patients with a mean age of 39.3±2.5 years (minimum 20 years and maximum 45 years). The mammographic finding was reported normal in 41 patients (26.7%). The evidence of malignant mass was observed in 48 patients (31.3%). The microcalcification was found in 31 patients (20.3%). The retraction or thickening of breast tissue was seen in 39 patients (25.5%). The distortion of breast stroma was found in 41 patients (26.8%). The HER2 marker in 76 patients (49.7%) was positive in study subjects. There was no statistically significant association between mammographic findings and pathologic type. Among the mammographic findings, only the presence of microcalcification had significant association with HER2 results (p=0.008).

Conclusion: It seems that a significant relationship could not be found between mammographic features in patients with breast cancer and type of pathology diagnosed. However, the presence of calcification in mammography is associated with positive HER2.


Keywords: Calcification, Breast, Neoplasm, Mammography, Pathology, ERBB2 protein, Ultrasonography
» HTML Fulltext    » PDF Fulltext    » doi: 10.19082/4300
odziez2018 Cheap Air Jordan 1 Retro High OG Pine Green/Sail-Black To Buy

The  most recent editorial (June 2021)

Ethics of Publishing Case Reports: Do We Need Ethics Approval and Patient Consent?

An editorial by Dr. Mehrdad Jalalian

Read more.

The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.


To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here


Our previous editorial (June 2020)

Lessons from COVID-19 pandemic and the Morocco’s success story.

An editorial by Dr. Benksim Abdelhafid (Morocco)

Read more.


The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships

Call for applications

Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:

Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

About the Instructor

Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: