Written by Maryam Esteghamati, Kambiz Ghasemi, Marie Nami
Parent Category: Year 2017, Volume 9
Category: Volume 9, Issue 9, September 2017
Background: Idiopathic hypercalciuria is a group of diseases which can be manifested with urinary symptoms. Its importance is due to high prevalence, recurrent infections, and stone formations which are often asymptomatic.
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of idiopathic hypercalciuria in children with urinary system related symptoms in Bandar Abbas in 2014.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was done in 2014 in a children’s hospital in Bandar Abbas (southern Iran) on 321 children who were between 2 months to 14 years old. Random morning urine sample was obtained from all the patients, and calcium to creatinine ratio was assessed for all the patients for two times. Hypercalciuria is defined as urinary calcium excretion rate that is greater than 4 mg/kg per 24 hours in a child older than two years of age. Data was analyzed using IBM SPSS statistics 23.0 software and Chi-square and independent-samples t-test.
Results: Among the 321 children assessed, 153 (47.7%) had idiopathic hypercalciuria. The mean age of the children with idiopathic hypercalciuria was 55.20±43.71. Prevalence of idiopathic hypercalciuria was 48.3% in children with urinary tract infection, 54.9% and 53.6% in children with microscopic and macroscopic hematuria respectively, In children with dysuria, there were 52.1%, and 51.8% in children with frequency, 49.1% in children with kidney stone which was confirmed with sonography, 28.6% and 37.5% in children with nocturnal and daily urinary incontinency respectively. Results of this study showed no significant relationship between urinary system symptoms and idiopathic hypercalciuria (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Hypercalciuria can be presented with different symptoms associated with urinary symptoms. Therefore, it is recommended to check the urinary calcium level in children with urinary symptoms with no definite etiology.
Keywords: Idiopathic hypercalciuria, Urinary symptoms, Children
The most recent editorial (June 2021)
Ethics of Publishing Case Reports: Do We Need Ethics Approval and Patient Consent?
An editorial by Dr. Mehrdad Jalalian
The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.
To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here
Our previous editorial (June 2020)
Lessons from COVID-19 pandemic and the Morocco’s success story.
An editorial by Dr. Benksim Abdelhafid (Morocco)
The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.
The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:
TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships
Call for applications
Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)
TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:
Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019
Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).
About the Instructor
Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: