Written by Ahmed Ibrahim Mahrous, Hani Abdulmoniem Eltiti, Iffat Mirza Ahmed, Ebaa Ibrahim Alagha
Parent Category: Year 2015, Volume 7
Category: Year 2015, Volume 7, Issue 7, November 2015
Introduction: Microleakage is one of the important contributing factors in the failure of resin restorations. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the location of the gingival margin (enamel, dentin, or cementum) on nanohybrid composite resin on the microleakage of Class II posterior restoration.
Methods: This was an in vitro study done at Al-Farabi College of Dentistry and Nursing in Jeddah (Saudi Arabia). Eighty-one previously extracted human molars were taken from clinics at Al-Farabi College and divided into three main groups (27 each) according to the location of the gingival margin. Group 1: the location of the gingival margin was in the enamel. Group 2: at the cemento-enamel junction. Group 3: in the cementum. Each main group was divided into three subgroups (9 each) according to storage time. Subgroup A: storage time was 24 hours. Subgroup B: storage time was one month. Subgroup C: storage time was three months. Class II cavity was prepared in one proximal surface for each molar following the general principles of cavity preparation. All samples were restored by nanohybridresin composite (TetricEvoCeram). The specimens were stored in distilled water at 37 oC and a humidity of 100% in an incubator for one day, one month, and three months, respectively, according to the subgroups. After sealing, the samples were stained with 2.5% methylene blue dye. Each sample was examined microscopically by a stereomicroscope using a computerized image analyzing system. Statistical analysis was done by two-way ANOVA test comparing dye penetration mean values (µm).
Results: The value of dye penetration increased remarkably from enamel, Cemento-enamel junction [CEJ] to cementum, and this was statistically significant (p < 0.001).
Conclusion: None of the materials tested was able to completely eliminate marginal microleakage at different gingival margins. The least dye penetration was detected at the enamel gingival margin followed by CEJ and then cementum. The least microleakage was observed at the gingival margin located in the enamel.
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Keywords: class II restoration, gingival margins, microleakage, nanohybrid composite
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Ethics of Publishing Case Reports: Do We Need Ethics Approval and Patient Consent?
An editorial by Dr. Mehrdad Jalalian
The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.
To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here
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The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.
The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:
TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships
Call for applications
Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)
TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:
Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019
Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).
About the Instructor
Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: