Written by Reza Tabrizi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Eghbal Sekhavati, Maryam Jalali, Mahdi Afshari, Maryam Akbari, Mohammad Reza Baneshi
Parent Category: Year 2015, Volume 7
Category: Year 2015, Volume 7, Issue 7, November 2015
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important health problem that gradually leads to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). In ESRD patients, death due to other diseases or some events, such as renal transplantation (known as competing risks), would change the probability of observing the event of interest. The aim of this study was to estimate the survival of ESRD patients using competing risk analyses.
Methods: In this retrospective longitudinal study, 307 ESRD patients who were older than 20 were recruited from the dialysis and kidney transplant Centers in Kerman City, Iran, from2007 to 2011. To assess the impacts of the investigated factors on the outcome, a cause-specific hazard model and competing risk models were fitted. Also, the cumulative incidence (CI) approach and sensitivity analysis were implemented. All of the analyses were performed using Stata software, V.12.
Results: The results of competing risk models showed that age and type of dialysis were associated with death (hazard ratio (HR)=1.03, p<0.001 and HR=1.65, p=0.011, respectively). In cause specific hazard model each year increase in age was associated with a 2% increase in the risk of death. Also, the types of dialysis were associated significantly with death (HR=1.93), and the effect of the type of dialysis was estimated as HR=1.51 (p=0.04) when we assumed that all patients who had experienced transplantation survived for the longest survival time. For those for whom receiving the transplantation was considered as death, the HR for the type of dialysis as well as the corresponding p-values were 1.82 and 0.001, respectively.
Conclusion: Ignoring the competing risks of death due to ESRD, such as renal transplantation, in estimating the survival of these patients might lead to overestimation of the results.
Runners PointNIKE AIR MAX
Keywords: competing risk, end stage renal disease, kidney disease
Volume 13, Issue 1, January-March 2021
The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.
To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here
The most recent editorial (June 2020)
Lessons from COVID-19 pandemic and the Morocco’s success story.
An editorial by Dr. Benksim Abdelhafid (Morocco)
The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.
The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:
TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships
Call for applications
Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)
TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:
Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019
Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).
About the Instructor
Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: