Written by Vida Shafipour, Ensieh Ramezanpour, Mohammad Ali Heidari Gorji, Mahmood Moosazadeh
Parent Category: Year 2016, Volume 8
Category: Volume 8, Issue 11, November 2016
Introduction: A pressure ulcer is a serious safety issue in healthcare systems. The patient’s rate of infection with an ulcer, especially a postoperative ulcer, is critical, as it is dictated by factors such as being in a fixed position during surgery, the type of anesthesia used, the duration of surgery, and patient-related factors. The present study was conducted to carry out a systematic assessment of the prevalence of a postoperative pressure ulcer and to find its general prevalence using a meta-analysis.
Methods: The researchers searched databases, including PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Science Direct, the Thomson Reuters’ Web of Science (WOS). For English articles published online between January 2000 and October 2015 on the subject of a pressure ulcer, a total of 19 articles were ultimately selected based on the study inclusion criteria. Then results were analyzed in Stata-11.
Results: The 19 articles qualified for entering the meta-analysis examined a total of 9527 patients. The studies estimated the general prevalence of a postoperative pressure ulcer as 18.96% (CI 95%: 15.3–22.6); the prevalence by gender was reported as 10.1% (CI 95%: 7.2- 13.01) in men and 12.8% (CI 95%: 8.3-17.2) in women. Stage 1 ulcer had a 17.02% prevalence (CI 95%: 11.04- 22.9), stage 2 a 6.7% prevalence (CI 95%: 3.8- 9.7), stage 3 a 0.9% prevalence (CI 95%: 0.2-1.6), and stage 4 a 0.4% (CI 95%: -0.05-0.8) prevalence.
Conclusion: The prevalence of a postoperative pressure ulcer is high among the entire population; however, it is still higher in women than in men. The prevalence of a stage 1 ulcer is higher than the prevalence of the other stages of an ulcer.
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Keywords: Pressure ulcer, Prevalence, Risk factors, Surgical patients
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The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.
To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here
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The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.
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TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships
Call for applications
Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)
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Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019
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About the Instructor
Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: