Written by Mohammad Mohseni, Hasan Abolghasem Gorji, Bahman Ahadinezhad, Omid Khosravizadeh, Meysam Safi Keykaleh, Ahmad Moosavi, Bahareh Mohtashamzadeh
Parent Category: Year 2017, Volume 9
Category: Volume 9, Issue 4, April 2017
Background and objective: The efficiency and function of the pharmaceutical sector, as a vital portion of the health system, have a significant effect on intermediate and final indices of health. In this research, the structure of the pharmaceutical market in Iran was examined through the calculation of concentration indices in 2011.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the needed data was gathered from the Food and Drug Administration in the year 2011. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 20 and Microsoft Office Excel software. Finally, two common measures of market concentration, the Concentration Ratio and the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index, were calculated.
Results: The largest and the smallest shares of the industry were 5.57% and 0.01%, respectively. The average industry share was 1.09%. The share range was calculated to be 5.56%. The Herfindahl-Hirschman Index was 248.5, which indicates a very low concentration of the pharmaceutical market in Iran. Also, based on the Concentration Ratio of 4 companies (18.39%), the concentration of the pharmaceutical market has been too low.
Conclusion: The pharmaceutical market in Iran has a very low concentration and it does not have an exclusive mode in terms of market structure. Therefore, it can be attributed to the competitive model. The policy makers in this area can use this characteristic as a leverage to improve efficiency, fairness, revenue and health indices.
Nike Phantom VisionSneakers
Keywords: Drug, Pharmaceutical Market, Concentration, Index, Iran
Volume 13, Issue 1, January-March 2021
The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.
To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here
The most recent editorial (June 2020)
Lessons from COVID-19 pandemic and the Morocco’s success story.
An editorial by Dr. Benksim Abdelhafid (Morocco)
The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.
The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:
TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships
Call for applications
Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)
TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:
Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019
Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).
About the Instructor
Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: