Written by Seyed Ali Alamdaran, Najmeh Mohammadpanah, Samira Zabihian, Mohammad Esmaeeli, Fatemeh Ghane, Ali Feyzi
Category: Volume 9, Issue 6, June 2017
Background: Nowadays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard for evaluation and diagnosis of spinal cord abnormalities, which are considered among the leading causes of neurogenic bladder; however, MRI is a costly imaging method and is not available at all health centers. Sporadic studies have shown the alignment of MRI with ultrasonography results in diagnosis of spinal abnormalities; although none of these studies has expressed the diagnostic value of ultrasonography.
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of ultrasonography in detection of spinal abnormalities in children with neurogenic bladder.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study carried out from January 2014 to November 2015 on patients with neurogenic bladder referred to Department of Radiology, Dr. Sheikh Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. All patients underwent sonography of the spinal cord and soft-tissue masses; also, a spinal MRI scan was performed. The existence of spina bifida, sacral agenesis, posterior vertebral arch defects, mass, tethered cord, myelomeningocele, lipoma and fatty infiltration, dural ectasia, hydromyelia and syringomyelia, and diastomatomyelia was recorded during each imaging scan. Chi-square and Fisher’s tests were used for data analysis using SPSS 19.0 software, and the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography findings were calculated by MedCale 26 software.
Results: Forty patients with neurogenic bladder (22 males/18 females), with an average of 25.73±19.15 months, were enrolled. The most common abnormality was found in patients’ MRI was tethered cord syndrome (70%). There was a significant relationship between ultrasonographic and MRI findings in spina bifida abnormalities (p=0.016), sacral agenesis (p=0.00), tethered cord (p=0.00), myelomeningocele (p=0.00), and lipoma and fatty infiltration (p=0.01). Ultrasonography had a sensitivity of 20.0%-100% and a specificity of 85.7%–100% depending on the detected type of abnormality.
Conclusion: It seems that ultrasonography has an acceptable and desirable sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of most of the spinal cord abnormalities except for dural ectasia, hydromyelia and syringomyelia, diastomatomyelia, and the spinal cord masses in children with a neurogenic bladder.
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Keywords: Neurogenic bladder, Ultrasonography, Magnetic resonance imaging
Volume 13, Issue 1, January-March 2021
The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.
To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here
The most recent editorial (June 2020)
Lessons from COVID-19 pandemic and the Morocco’s success story.
An editorial by Dr. Benksim Abdelhafid (Morocco)
The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.
The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:
TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships
Call for applications
Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)
TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:
Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019
Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).
About the Instructor
Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: