Written by Nervana Khalaf , Hazem Helmy, Hany labib, Iman Fahmy, Mona Abd El Hamid, Leqaa Moemen
Parent Category: Year 2017, Volume 9
Category: Volume 9, Issue 8, August 2017
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the serum levels of angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1), angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2), soluble vascular endothelial tyrosine kinase receptor (Tie-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), in the serum of type 2 diabetic patients having non-proliferative (NPDR) or proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).
Methods: One hundred patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were involved in this cross-sectional study. They were classified into 25 diabetic patients without retinopathy, 35 patients with NPDR and 40 PDR patients. The study was carried out in the outpatients clinic of the Research Institute of Ophthalmology, Giza, Egypt from August 2016 through May 2017. Serum VEGF, Ang-1, Ang-2 and Tie-2 receptor levels were assayed using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Data were analyzed by SPSS version 20 and Microsoft Excel (Version 10) using ANOVA, Harman's single factor test, and Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation.
Results: The serum levels of Ang-2 and VEGF were significantly elevated in NPDR groups and PDR group compared to diabetics without retinopathy groups (p<0.001). The serum levels of Ang-1 were significantly higher in the NPDR group compared to the diabetics without retinopathy groups (p<0.01), while no significant difference was observed between the PDR and diabetics without retinopathy groups. Ang-1/Ang-2 ratio was the lowest in the PDR group compared to the NPDR and diabetics without retinopathy groups. The serum levels of Tie-2 were not significantly changed among the three studied groups, serum Ang-2 was positively correlated with VEGF and Tie-2 in the PDR and NPDR groups.
Conclusion: The angiopoietin /Tie system and VEGF are essential features in the commencement and development of PDR.
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Keywords: Angiopoietins, Tie-2 receptor, Diabetic Retinopathy
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Ethics of Publishing Case Reports: Do We Need Ethics Approval and Patient Consent?
An editorial by Dr. Mehrdad Jalalian
The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.
To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here
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The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.
The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:
TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships
Call for applications
Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)
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Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019
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About the Instructor
Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: