Background: Patient education is recognized as the most important component of diabetes management. In order to develop an effective educational program, it is crucial to identify diabetic patients' information needs. 
Objective: This study aimed to systematically develop a weighted hierarchical topic model for the educational needs of patients with type 2 diabetes, based on the evidence.
Methods: Three types of information sources (i.e. research papers, guidelines and patient education websites) were reviewed systematically. PubMed was searched in August 2018 to find the relevant research papers without any limitations on the date of publication, guidelines were searched through the international network of healthcare guidelines, and educational materials were searched through Google search engine. Identified topics from the eligible resources were classified using the content analysis method. To determine the level of importance for each topic, a weighting model was developed based on the frequency of each topic and the strength of the information sources that have referred to it.
Results: In total, 142 papers were retrieved from PubMed database of which 17 studies were included. Searches for guidelines and websites led to five clinical guidelines for diabetes and ten patient educational websites that met the eligibility criteria. Topics were extracted from the included resources and were categorized into 6 main classes: Treatment process, course of disease, diabetes through the life cycle, pathophysiology of diabetes, coping and support. 
Conclusion: In this study, several information sources were investigated to identify educational topics for the diabetic patient, considering both patient’s and healthcare professionals' perspectives. The model created in this study can be adapted to the needs of future studies.
Keywords: Patient Education, Model Development, Systematic Review, Type 2 Diabetes


» HTML Fulltext    » PDF Fulltext    » doi: 10.19082/7512
Air JordansAir Jordan 1 Retro High OG 'Chicago' White and Black-Varsity Red For Sale

Current Issue

Volume 13, Issue 1, January-March 2021

The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.


To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here


 The  most recent editorial (June 2020)

Lessons from COVID-19 pandemic and the Morocco’s success story.

An editorial by Dr. Benksim Abdelhafid (Morocco)

Read more.


The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships

Call for applications

Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:

Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

About the Instructor

Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: