Background: Adolescence is characterized by rapid psychological changes. No data are available about psychological disorders among adolescents in the Northern Borders region of Saudi Arabia.
Objective: To determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress and its association with some risk factors among male secondary school students in Arar city; the capital city of Northern Borders, Saudi Arabia. 
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted during the second semester of the school year 2017- 2018. A sample of 406 male secondary school students was selected through a multistage cluster sampling technique. Out of 12 secondary schools, four schools were selected randomly then one class from each grade was also selected randomly. The participants were asked to complete a self-reported Arabic version of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-42). The data were analyzed by SPSS version 20, using descriptive statistics and Chi-square test of independence. A p-value of 0.05 or less was considered, statistically significant.
Results: The prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress among 375 valid respondents was 56.3 %, 56%, and 41.9% respectively. The majority of symptoms were mild to moderate in severity. Out of all participants, 69.3% had at least one of the studied disorders; 50.9% had at least two disorders, and 33.9% had all the three disorders. The scores of depression, anxiety, and stress were positively and significantly correlated (r=0.7 p=0.001). History of the death of a close family member, family financial difficulties and smoking were significant risk factors for the development of any of the three studied disorders (p=0.019, p=0.012, p=0.001 respectively).
Conclusion: The prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress was high among male secondary school students in Arar city, KSA. Further in-depth national studies are needed to explore the problem and all possible risk factors. Also, strategies are needed to be developed to early detect these psychological disorders and prevent its progression among adolescents.
Keywords: Depression, Students, Anxiety, Stress, Arar, Saudi Arabia


» HTML Fulltext    » PDF Fulltext    » doi: 10.19082/7522
Air JordansNike Air Max 270

Current Issue

Volume 13, Issue 1, January-March 2021

The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.


To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here


 The  most recent editorial (June 2020)

Lessons from COVID-19 pandemic and the Morocco’s success story.

An editorial by Dr. Benksim Abdelhafid (Morocco)

Read more.


The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships

Call for applications

Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:

Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

About the Instructor

Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: